Sunday, February 23, 2020

Nestle Case wk3 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Nestle Case wk3 - Essay Example He completely overhauled the executive board and believed in restructuring as a continual process. However, his contention that when the organization is doing well, change should be justified. I therefore agree with what he did. By identifying the ‘untouchables’ where the organization’s core competencies and strengths are retained and enhanced, Nestle remains to project a solid brand and image associated with dairy food products. Recent times have indicated that Nestle created Nestlà © Nutrition, a global business organization designed to strengthen the focus on their core nutrition business – manifesting the same belief in Brabeck-Letmathe’s philosophy for organizational change. The implications for change managers that apply specifically to Nestle are: (1) that care needs to be taken in assessing and implementing organizational change (whether using an incremental or transformational approach); (2) incremental changes are less risky and therefore more appropriate; and (3) that change affects multiple types of changes simultaneously. Nestle management, particularly under the direction and navigation of Brabeck-Letmathe has understood the thrust of their organizational leader and steered the organization into unprecedented heights. By focusing, reinforcing and sustaining Nestle’s strengths instead of changing them, the strategy continue to work towards achieving global leadership in the food and nutrition market. The lessons from the front line emphasize that: (1) downsizing is not always the most appropriate method to restructure; (2) implementing technological changes is not always straightforward; and (3) producing successful acquisitions are always a managerial challenge. These issues can be overcome with open communication, identifying causes of resistance and barriers and aligning decisions to organizational goals. As evidenced from the Nestle case, there have been organizational changes

Thursday, February 6, 2020

Analitical skills Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Analitical skills - Essay Example 44). The democratic space that also originates from the gains from the separation of powers has escalated the attainment of liberty in many governments. The doctrine gained original in the United States  as it was a provision in the constitution. In the UK, the adoption of the canon occurred much later with the Constitutional Reform Act 2005 (Benwell and Gay, 2011; Pg. 87). However, there were reform forces within the country that had started clamoring for the need to separate authority of each arm of the government (Benwell and Gay, 2011; Pg. 14). From the ongoing discussions, the paper suggests that whereas the separation of powers canon requires states to delineate clear boundaries in authority and sovereignty within the three branches of governance, some nations are still working with less formal forms and are argued to adopt the balance of powers or a fusion of the two arrangements (Calers, 2012; Pg. 51). The most notable of such countries are the UK and other states with a mo narchy system of governance. In fact, some developing nations appear trapped with the hope of attaining the freedom provided by the separation of powers seemingly becoming a myriad. This is because such countries have very superior executive, which easily usurp powers of the other state organs (Calers, 2012; Pg. 51). ... Analysis of the Separation of Powers: Executive, Legislature, and Judiciary The debate about the separation of powers has transformed over decades to the point at which people can clearly draw the boundaries between the executive, the legislature, and the courts. However, in other jurisdictions this clarity is still missing because the roles in these three arms seem to overlap (Calers, 2012; Pg. 88). Before the Constitutional Reform Act 2005 came into force, the UK Prime Minister wielded too much power that it was possible for them to influence all other arms of the government. The United States Constitution has a strong foundation for the doctrine of the separation of powers. Article 1 of the US Constitution contains powers granted to the legislature. Article II contains the powers of the executive, which rests upon the president and Article III provides for the establishment of a highly independent judiciary (Benwell and Gay, 2011; Pg. 76). The election of the Congressmen takes pla ce differently from that of the President. The Congressmen are in charge of legislation in the US. However, sometimes the executive can sponsor bills and lobby the Congress to debate and pass them as laws. A clearer example of this circumstance includes the healthcare bill also known as the Obamacare, which was sponsored by President Obama operatives in the Congress. President Obama used strategies available to him to lobby and rally the democratic Congressmen as well as a few Republicans to vote for the bill. The idea behind such initiatives was to push the state to accept the creation of separation of powers. This canon entails ideas that key institutions within a democratic state need to be functionally sovereign such that nobody should have access and unguarded power to span

Wednesday, January 29, 2020

Received controllable shocks Essay Example for Free

Received controllable shocks Essay They both said that the extent of a persons social network and their perceived sense of support are positively linked. The role of control in the perception of stress also plays a part. A sense of control reduces the extent to which a situation may be experienced stressful. It has been suggested that control affects the immune system. Laudenslager et al. (1983) showed direct effects on the immune system. He used rats that were placed in three groups, one received controllable shocks, the second group were a yoked control (received the same shocks as the first rat, but they had no direct control over the shocks), a third group received no shocks. All the rats were injected with cancer cells. Laudenslager found that 65% of the controlled shock group rejected the cancer cells, compared with only 27% of the yoked controlled and 55% of the no-shock group. His study suggests that control is important to the functioning of the immune system. Psychological approaches have also been applied in anger management courses since anger has been found to increase vulnerability to heart disease. B) Asses the strengths and weaknesses of two biological approaches (6) One biological approach is biofeedback. It is a technique to learn how to control involuntary muscles, or voluntary muscles that are not normally controlled, such as blood pressure and heart rate. The aim of it is to reduce ANS activity and therefore the bodily sensations associated with stress. In turn this will reduce the consequent effects of stress in terms of illness. An individual is attached to a monitor that produces feedback about some physiological activity. (E. g. The machine would produce an auditory or visual signal to indicate weather an individuals heart rate is too high or about right. ) These machines provide all different feedback to the patient, who is then taught techniques to reduce the levels. (Such as relaxation training. ) This means that physiological activity is brought under control. The key thing is that physiological activities are ones we wouldnt usually be able to control. Biofeedback has been shown to produce short and long-term reductions in heart rate, blood pressure, skin temperature, and brain-wave rhythms. Biofeedback training does fit into three main stages; developing an awareness of the particular physiological response (e. g. heart rate), learning ways of controlling that physiological response in quiet conditions. This can include providing rewards for successful control in addition to feedback. Then transferring that control into the conditions of everyday life. Dworkin and Dworkin (1988) did a study with teenagers who were suffering from curvature of the spine (scoliosis). The teenagers successfully used biofeedback techniques to learn how to control the muscles of their spine and thus alter the posture and overcome the disorder. Another biological approach is Anti-anxiety drugs. The body produces chemicals (hormones) that create anxiety. This can be countered using other chemicals (i. e. drugs) that reduce anxiety. There are several different types of drugs that all work differently. Barbiturates are depressants of the central nervous system, and long-acting barbiturates are effective in reducing anxiety. However, they do have various side effects. They can create problems of concentration, lack of coordination, and slurred speech. They also tend to be addictive. Anxious patients who stop taking barbiturates report numerous symptoms such as delirium, irritability, and increased sweating. The problems with them led them to be replaced by benzodiazepines in the 1960s. These are the most used anti-anxiety drugs, such as Valium and Librium. They promote GABA, the bodys natural relief of anxiety relief which reduces serotonin levels, which will in turn reduce arousal. Although, they are very effective and used by millions of people, they also have some of unwanted side effects. They often have sedative effects, and can make people feel drowsy. They can also cause cognitive and memory impairments, they sometimes lead to feelings of depression. Also, many people become dependent on benzodiazepines, and find it very hard to stop taking them. Sudden removal of benzodiazepines can lead to a return of the initial symptoms of intense stress and anxiety. Ants-anxiety drugs can be very effective at reducing feelings of stress. However, they do not address the problems that are causing stress. They help cope with stress but not to manage it.

Monday, January 20, 2020

Jane Eyre as Feminist Role Model for all Women Essay -- Feminism Femin

Jane Eyre as Feminist Role Model for all Women      Ã‚  Ã‚   In 1837 critic Robert Southey wrote to Charlotte Bronte, "Literature cannot be the business of a woman's life, and it ought not to be.   The more she is engaged in her proper duties, the less leisure will she have for it, even as an accomplishment and a recreation," (Gaskell 102).   This opinion was not held by only one person, but by many.   Indeed, it is this attitude, one that debases women and their abilities, to which Charlotte Bronte responds with Jane Eyre.   The purpose of Jane Eyre, not only the novel, but also the character herself as a cultural heroine, is to transform a primeval society, one which devalues women and their contributions, into a nobler order of civilization   (Craig 57).   The effectiveness of Bronte's argument is due to both her motivation and approach.   Bronte found her motivation from the experiences she had undergone while living in the Victorian era. Her approach in advocating social reform is to establish Jane as a model for readers.   Readers are meant to examine Jane's life, especially the manner in which she handles problems or confrontations in her relationships, and to follow her example in their own lives.   Just as we see Jane as a model of a woman successful in asserting her self-worth, we are also given a warning about the possible outcome of failure to realize self-worth in Bertha Rochester.   This facet will also be discussed briefly.   Bronte uses the motivation of personal experiences to create the life of Jane Eyre in which we see the quest for social betterment through her relationships.      Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Bronte herself experienced the social ... ...ler civilization that realizes the worth of women. Bibliography Bronte, Charlotte.   Jane Eyre.   New York: Penguin Group,1982 Craig, G. Armour.   "The Unpoetic Compromise: On the Relationship Between Private Vision and Social Order in the Nineteenth- Century English Fiction."   Nineteenth Century Literary Criticism.   Ed.   L. Harris and E. Tennyson.   Michigan: Gale Research Co., 1985. 61-62 Gaskell, E.   The Life of Charlotte Bronte.   England: E.P. Dutton, Inc., 1975 London, Bette.   "The Pleasure of Submission: Jane Eyre and the Production of the Text."   "ELH."   Spring 1991.   195-213 Schact, Paul.   "Jane Eyre and the History of Self-Respect." "Modern Language Quarterly."   Dec 1991.   423-53 Sienkewicz, Anne W.   "Jane Eyre   An Autobiography." Masterplots II.   Ed. Frank Magill.   California: Salem Press, 1991.   745-748

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Love in Pride and Prejudice Essay

Marriage in England in the nineteenth century is much different than it is in today’s world. Almost everyone wants to marry for love and happiness. During this period of time, beautiful women would marry a man because he is rich or the opposite. A nice looking man would marry a woman because she comes from wealth. Love is left out of these marriages. Some thought they would soon develop love along the years. Mrs. Bennet’s main priority throughout the book was to make sure here five daughters were married to a rich suitor. Money was the main concerns for her not love. Her marriage was based on the principle of monetary gain. She thought her daughters would not be able to survive if they remained unmarried. For any woman of her time marriage on any terms was often the only getaway from a miserable life of poverty. Elizabeth did not want to marry for money. She wanted to marry for love. She turned her first proposal down from Mr. Collins because she had no feelings for him. Elizabeth shows a lot of pride throughout the book. Even though her family was not of upper class, she still held her head high with pride. She is a middle class woman who wants to be treated the same by every one no matter who it is. She believes herself to be good enough for any man. When she first meets Mr. Darcy, she says that he is very attractive. Prejudice blinds her and leads to false opinions of Mr. Darcy. She overhears him say, â€Å"She is tolerable, but not handsome enough to tempt me. † Darcy is very blinded by his inferior standards. Jane Bennet and Mr. Bingley are happy when they are together. Mrs. Bennet was so sure they would marry within months. They were so shocked to hear that he had left town so suddenly. Mr. Darcy breaks them up before their relationship could get as far as marriage. He didn’t honestly believe that Jane was truly in love with his good friend Mr. Bingley. Elizabeth believes that he did this because of his prejudice for the lower class. Mr. Darcy believed that Jane was only after his money. Jane is very broken up over Mr. Bingley leaving town. They both loved one another. Mr. Darcy later writes a letter to Elizabeth, explaining the real reason why he broke them up. After reading his letter, she begins to understand the pride that Mr. Darcy has for himself. This is where she begins to have feelings for him. Her youngest sister Lydia runs away and marries Mr. Wickham. Soon Jane and Mr. Bingley reunite and he proposes to her. Elizabeth finds out that Mr. Darcy had bribed Mr. Wickham to marry her sister. She soon realizes Mr. Darcy isn’t a bad person after all. He is a great person and a romantic at heart. After his second proposal to Elizabeth she agrees to marry him, not for money but for love. Happiness does not come from a marriage based on money.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Chaucers The Franklins Tale from the Canterbury Tales

Chaucers The Franklins Tale from the Canterbury Tales The Franklin’s Tale, one of the many stories comprising the Canterbury Tales, is one of Chaucer’s most celebrated and most contradictory works. This tale set in medieval Brittany narrates the uncanny marriage of the knight Arveragus and his lady Dorigen. This unlikely union was based on mutual trust, love and truthfulness and knew neither the rule of the lady that was typical of courtly love, nor the domination by the husband that was expected of a traditional marriage. In the controversial scene that will be discussed here, Arveragus orders Dorigen to give herself to a man to whom she had made the reckless promise of giving her love if he could accomplish an impossible deed.†¦show more content†¦In their vows Arveragus and Dorigen constantly refer to each other, as shows the presence of many pronouns: He freely gave his promise as a knight That he would never darken her delight By exercising his authority Against her will, or showing jealousy, [†¦] To which Dorigen replies: God grant there never be betwixt us twain, Through any fault of mine, dispute or strife. Sir, I will be your true and humble wife, (Chaucer 337-338) Trouthe is what the promise is based on but it is not the promise itself. The promise is respect and truth to each other, obedience but not authority. Finally, we should also note that Arveragus poses one condition to this agreement: that it should remain private and that it should never stain his honor. Save that his sovereignty in name upon her He should preserve, lest it should shame his honour. (Chaucer 338) After such an ideal marriage agreement comes the time to try its practicability. Arveragus leaves for two years of battle and noble deeds and Dorigen waits in worry and despair. So far, the marriage is safe. No one, not even his wife expected Arveragus to stay home by her side. The rules of knighthood compelled him to go fight. Derek Brewer, Professor Emeritus of English literature at the University ofShow MoreRelatedThe Marriage Debate in The Canterbury Tales Essay613 Words   |  3 Pages In Geoffrey Chaucers work, The Canterbury Tales, many travelers gather together to begin a pilgrimage. During their quest, each of the pilgrims proceed to tell a tale to entertain the group. From these stories arise four different tales, in which Chaucer uses to examine the concept of marriage and the problems that arise from this bonding of two people. In the tales of The Franklin, The Clerk, The Wife of Bath, and The Merchant, marriage is debated and examined from different perspectivesRead MoreAttitudes Toward Marriage in Chaucers the Canterbury Tales1477 Words   |  6 PagesAttitudes Toward Marriage in Chaucers The Canterbury Tales Chaucers The Canterbury Tales demonstrate many different attitudes toward and perceptions of marriage. Some of these ideas are very traditional, such as that discussed in the Franklins Tale, and others are more liberal such as the marriages portrayed in the Millers and the Wife of Baths Tales. While several of these tales are rather comical, they do indeed give us a representation of the attitudes toward marriage at that time inRead MoreGeoffrey Chaucers Experiences In the Canterbury Tales Essay1130 Words   |  5 PagesIn the Canterbury Tales, Geoffrey Chaucer describes the journeys and life lessons of thirty fictitious pilgrims. Scholars explain that only one of the thirty pilgrims was indeed Chaucer, but other characters in the Canterbury Tales represent the struggles of Chaucer as well. Although the pilgrims’ tales were pretend, they were based on actual events that Chaucer experienced throughout his lifetime. He represents his own insecurities and flaws throughout the array of the characters’ tales. SituationRead MoreThe Relationshipful Relationships In Chaucers Canterbury Tales1165 Words   |  5 PagesThe saying â€Å"Opposites attract, and likes repel† have been around for a long time, but like other adages, it does not have a clear basis. In fact, the opposite of that statement is true with the support of Geoffrey Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales and works of modern psychology. In Chaucer’s tales, the duality of marriage is evident. The ones that end with a successful relationship are the result of the partners’ similar external physical traits or internal thoughts, and the vice versa. While many factorsRead MoreThe Idea of Honor in Chaucers The Wife of Baths Prologue and The Franklins Tale673 Words   |  3 PagesThis essay compares the conception honor in Geoffrey Chaucers The Wife of Baths Prologue and The Franklins Tale from The Canterbury Tales. The problem of honor seems to be timeless in its difficulties. There are many ideas and opinions concerning this delicate subject, which always is popular, along with its ability to frustrate and perplex the human. During the time of Chaucer, females such as the Wife of Bath were asserting their rights against the forces of male chauvinism. Apparently,Read MoreEssay about Chaucers Canterbury Tales2379 Words   |  10 PagesChau cers Canterbury Tales After reading explications of Chaucers Canterbury Tales, a student is likely to come away with the impression that the Franklin is the critics favorite punching bag. To the average reader in the modern English-speaking world, the Franklin comes across as surprisingly fair-minded and level-headed, noteworthy as the man kind and inventive enough to resolve the marriage cycle with a tale of decency and openness. The critics, however, often depict the Franklin as a manRead MoreTones, Moods, and Irony in the Canterbury Tales833 Words   |  4 Pagesreaction from him or her. Tone is a literary technique that shows the author’s attitude towards the audience or reader. The tone of a literary work can be informal, formal, serious, angry, playful, intimate, etc. Similar to tone is mood, which is the created atmosphere with the intention of coaxing a certain emotion from the audience, and is created through setting, theme, and tone. Irony, however, is a tone in which the real meanin g is contradicted by the words that were used. The Canterbury TalesRead More The Squires Tale Essay2386 Words   |  10 PagesThe Squires Tale       The Squires tale ends two lines into its third section, and following this abrupt termination is the wordes of the Frankeleyn to the Squier.   The Franklin praises the young Squires attempt at a courtly romance and says that he wishes his own son was more like the Squire.   This is followed by the wordes of the Hoost to the Frankeleyn.   Many critics believe that the words of the Franklin to the Squire are intended as an interruption of theRead MoreAnalysis Of Geoffrey Chaucer s The Wife Of Bath 1371 Words   |  6 Pagesfor folks to read. One of his best known works of art would be The Canterbury Tales, which was written between 1380 and 1400 in England, but was never completed due to his death. It was composed in Middle English and portrays a great example of frame narrative. The Canterbury Tales begins with a group of pilgrims traveling from England to Canterbury. While they are navigating, they gather around taking turns to tell their own tales or for some, none at all. While both the Pardoner and Franklin areRead MoreMarriage And The Role Of Women2150 Words   |  9 PagesKate Eickhoff Dr. White IB 11 English 28 November 2016 Marriage Essay During the 14th century, marriage and the role of women in the marriage were very different from today. Most marriages in the 14th century occurred between an older man and a young girl; a girl is usually chosen because they were pure and could produce the most heirs. The bride’s family would pay the husband through a dowry, consisting of land, money, or anything of high value. The more unattractive the women were, the more the

Friday, December 27, 2019

The Unethical Business in the Telecommunication Industry

Executive summary The report will have a close look on unethical business about telecommunication industry. We know that a lot of times the rights of consumers are not protected. Because of the much unethical behaviour in the industry, consumers often faced the choices between interest and social morality. In many cases this report has discovered that the unethical behaviours. The essay will also Analysis of each company and provides recommendations for investors. Introduction This report will look at: †¢ The unethical behaviour about WorldCom accounting scandal †¢ The Monopolistic competition about china telecom †¢ The overcharging behaviour of ATT †¢ Recommendations for telecommunication industry †¢ Conclusion Findings†¦show more content†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¢ Price Maker: They can decide the price of the product or goods to be sold. †¢ Price Discrimination: Usually refers to providers of goods or services to different recipients to provide the same level and same quality of goods or Services, Different interview with the different price. †¢ Single seller: In a Monopolistically competitive markets there are just one or two sellers of the good which produces all outputs. For this reason, the whole market has to serve by a single company, and this biggest company is the same as the whole industry. †¢ High Barriers to Entry: The competitors are unable to entry this market of the monopoly. We can witness that the triangle part is the Deadweight loss. Antitrust law or Antimonopoly Act Competition law, the most famous competition law is antitrust law, is law that stimulative market competes and adjust anti-competitive behavior. The role of the anti-monopoly law can be divided into four aspects: Maintain a reasonable market structure improve the efficiency of resource allocation. Maintenance and promotion of effective competition in the market, promoting the development of economic and technology. Protecting the legitimate rights and interests of consumers and social public welfare. Economic democracy Against overcharging In this case, we can witness that the company is trying to limit the consumers use more data by theShow MoreRelatedThe Three Major Factors Fueling International Technological Growth1271 Words   |  6 Pagesinternet, telecommunications, and e-commerce. The internet has the capability to generate international market expansion and future international growth for firms. It has evolved into a mechanism that can be used to capture new international market opportunities. Due to transactional and communication capabilities, the internet has become an efficient and effective conduit for global trade and international market expansion (Matthew Kleiner, 2008). Telecommunications The telecommunications industryRead MoreThe Ethics Case Study Assignment1343 Words   |  6 Pagescompany built on telecommunications in the United States. WorldCom was invented in 1963 and the MCI WorldCom was established in 1998. During the 1990’s, WorldCom was a fast growing company in terms of their telecommunication services. The company started to supply long distance calling in 1983 and was considered the fourth best phone providing business. It was very effective due to the quality and quantity of services they provided such as internet, data and other telecommunications. In 2002, WorldComRead MoreCorporate Scandal : Enron Scandal1197 Words   |  5 Pagesethical beliefs and practicing unethical behaviors. Ethics are a major concern in the business world because there are so many opportunities for people to make unethical decisions that will result in financial gains for themselves. In some cases, these unethical decisions not only affect that person(s) that make the decisions, they can affect the entire company as well as was the case with WorldCom. There are many factors that could lead a person to make unethical decisions but there are three thatRead MoreThe Performance Of A Good Corporate Image1548 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction Leadership plays a critical role in the achievement of organizational growth and exhibit the best performance in the industry. Leadership determines the success of an organization as it is important to understand that the companies that perform excellently well in the industry are inspired by the conduct and attitude of their leaders. Leaders need to institute measures and mechanisms that will substantially improve the performance of their companies and project a good corporate imageRead MoreEssay on Business Ethics in America: Engendering Vigor645 Words   |  3 PagesWhen considering corporate American and its business crisis of integrity many people seem to cerebrate that ethics is mainly about staying out of trouble. Any explication they give concerning the role of ethics in business today will ineluctably feature a discussion of compliance, licit liability, and the Federal Sentencing Guidelines. The great cogitators of the past had a very divergent perspective. Ethics is not ma inly about staying out of trouble. It’s about engendering vigor: vigor in individualsRead MoreAntitrust Laws And The Antitrust Division Of The U.s. Department Of Justice1464 Words   |  6 Pagesmonopolies come into play and greatly affect how these businesses run. This paper will look at two different instances of possible violated laws and discuss the specifics. The first case deals with a pharmaceutical company, the second two telecommunications companies. One question being answered for both examples is what kind of ethical dilemmas are present. Read on as the cases are examined. Federal antitrust enforcers are investigating whether a multinational pharmaceutical company has attemptedRead MoreCase Study : Ethics Applied1548 Words   |  7 PagesOver the last two decades the business world has been rocked by several prominent business scandals such as Enron, WorldCom and Goldman Sachs. Business scandals are not some new phenomena; but with the increasingly global nature of business and industry the economic fall out of ethical lapses or illegal activity have the potential to become global in scale. This potential was seen during the financial crisis of 2007-2010. Unethical and in some cases illegal business practices had negative impactsRead MoreLost insurance benefits as well as retirement benefits tied to WorldCom stock. Shareholders, which1200 Words   |  5 Pagesbillions of dollars. The California public-employee’s retirement system, the largest state pension fund in the country, sued in an attempt to regain some of the $580 million it lost i n the WorldCom debacle (Ripley 6). The telecommunications industry suffered as well. Industry companies were competing against WorldCom under false pretenses. WorldCom was fraudulently stating its financials and its competition could not possibly be aware of WorldCom’s true expenses. As a result, competing companiesRead MoreEnron and Worldcom Case Study1225 Words   |  5 Pagesreport is based on the demise of Enron Corporation and WorldCom. Both the firms are demised due to the ethical lapses. These ethical lapses come into existence when managements of the firm, uses unethical practices to accomplish the goals of the firm. Maintaining financial and accounting standards in the business practices are necessary. The profession of accounting has become a mockery due to the accounting scandals that took place all over the world in the last decade (Smith amp; Smith, 2003). TheRead MoreThe Global Economy Of Apple Inc. Essay1614 Words   |  7 Pageseconomies are heavily relying on each other. Unlike in the past where business and society appeared to exist inde pendently, there now appears to be a heavy integration between the two. As a result, when one is affected, there is a ripple effect on the other. For instance, the stability of any society will have a direct impact on the performance of business. This discussion has focused on the increasingly complex relationship between business and society as seen through the lens of the Apple Inc. Apple Inc